The case of the loose line speed


I was at the donut shop when Francisco sat down with his sinkers and joe. After the howdies, he told me his problem.

“KC, I can’t keep my packaging line balanced,” he confided. “We documented the optimum speed settings in the setup SOP. They should be stable but whenever I look the conveyor is running a different speed even though the control is set correctly. It’s making me crazy.”

“Tell you what”, I said. “When we finish here, we’ll go watch your team set up the line”

I hung about while the operators set up. I watched them set the conveyor speed to 65 as the SOP called for. So far, so good.

Then they started the line. After a few minutes, the mechanic decided that the conveyor looked a bit slow so he cranked the speed up. Then, he loosened the knob on the speed control and reset it to show 65 as required by the SOP.

“Fiddlesticks on speed variation!” I told Francisco. “Your team is gaming the system. Single-turn speed controls are imprecise at best. If you are going to use them, you need to add a tachometer to indicate actual conveyor speed and set the control by that. Better yet, use a controller with tachometer feedback.”

My buddy Dan Pollock says that “Conveyors are intelligent bridges between islands of automation.” He’s right. They must be treated with the same respect as every other machine in the line.

KC Boxbottom, packaging detective, is on the case to solve tough packaging puzzles. He is the alter-ego of John Henry, CPP. Known as the Changeover Wizard, Henry is the owner of, a consulting firm that helps companies find and fix the causes of inefficiencies in their packaging operations. He produces a free monthly newsletter called Lean Changeover, which contains articles and tips on changeover and related issues. Reach him at

The case of the double changeover

blog_boxbottom.jpgI was writing a report when Jack called me.

“KC,” he said, “we just did two changeovers.”

“OK…” I replied.

“We even did them fairly quickly thanks to your help in the past,” he continued.

“”Uh-huh…” I said, wondering where this was headed.

“The problem is that we did two changeovers to run one product.”

“That is not right!” I exclaimed. “What happened?”

“We did the changeover and went to the warehouse to pull the components,” he explained. “When we got there, we found that the caps the inventory system said were there weren’t. We had to find another product for which we had the components and changeover for that one and run. I can’t believe that we wasted an entire changeover! Unfortunately, we seem to have this problem once or twice a week. We just can’t afford this lost production time.”

“Fiddlesticks on double changeovers!” I exclaimed. “There is no excuse for this ever happening.

“There are two issues here,” I continued. “First, if your inventory is not accurate, you need to get the IT and warehouse people on it tout suite and find out why. Second, and more importantly, you should never be pulling your next product and components while your line is stopped. You should always be pulling them ahead of time. Downtime is far too costly to waste on tasks that can be externalized. If you pull while running, you will not only speed up changeover, you will catch these problems before they can cause production delays such as double changeovers.”

Case closed.

KC Boxbottom, packaging detective, is on the case to solve tough packaging puzzles. He is the alter-ego of John Henry, CPP. Known as the Changeover Wizard, Henry is the owner of, a consulting firm that helps companies find and fix the causes of inefficiencies in their packaging operations. He produces a free monthly newsletter called Lean Changeover, which contains articles and tips on changeover and related issues. Reach him at

The case of the lazy day

KC Boxbottom’s comfy chair

I was in my comfy chair resting my eyes when my wife came into the office and startled me alert.

“KC, whatever are you doing?” she inquired. “If you don’t have anything to do in the office, I can find some chores at home.”

“Practicing, Nellie my dear–practicing,” I told her.

“Practicing!?! Practicing what, exactly?”

“Being lazy,” I replied.

Let me tell you about David Lamb, the man who was too lazy to fail.*

David was a West Virginia farmer’s kid. His father gave him the choice of helping him in the fields or going to school. Hmm…work in the sun and rain or sit inside all day and read books? Tough decision. David, being lazy, chose school, and so he made his way through life practicing constructive laziness.

He summed up his philosophy as this: “All progress is made by a lazy person looking for an easier way.”

There is a lot of unnecessary, non-value adding work on most packaging floors. This causes the teammates to work harder than they need to. It also creates more opportunity for errors.

I challenge teammates to be lazy and to always be discovering new ways to make their jobs easier and to produce more and better products. They usually have more good ideas than you could shake a stick at.”

“Nice try, mi amor,” Nellie said. “Now here is a list of things I want you to do.”

* The story “The man who was too lazy to fail” appears in Robert Heinlein’s novel “Time Enough for Love”

KC Boxbottom, packaging detective, is on the case to solve tough packaging puzzles. He is the alter-ego of John Henry, CPP. Known as the Changeover Wizard, Henry is the owner of, a consulting firm that helps companies find and fix the causes of inefficiencies in their packaging operations. He produces a free monthly newsletter called Lean Changeover, which contains articles and tips on changeover and related issues. Reach him at

Optimize your packaging at EastPack

Optimize your packaging at EastPack

Headed back to New York for three days in June, EastPack is gearing up to deliver the latest in products, equipment and technologies to meet your packaging needs. This interactive tradeshow and conference is taking place at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, which also co-locates HBA Global Expo, ATX East, MDM East, PLASTEC East, Atlantic Design & Manufacturing and Pharmapack North America during June 10-12, 2014.

New to the line-up this year is the Speed Networking feature where attendees will discover an entire gamut of professionals at EastPack—ranging throughout advanced manufacturing industries. There will be thousands in attendance which will provide show goers the unique opportunity to meet their next partner, new hire, client and much more.

This high-impact, organized event heightens networking opportunities by pairing attendees up with relevant professionals according to their preferences. It’s relaxed, fun, with no cost attached!

Attendees can also gain access to theater sessions on the trade show floor for no additional cost. Soak in new technology tidbits and product briefs from suppliers that showcase the latest solutions and innovations in all new Tech Theaters.

If you are looking to get a behind-the-scenes tour of the latest technology located on the show floor, sign up for one of three Innovation Tours: 3D printing, mobile health and robotics

Develop your own flexible agenda by choosing from 17 two-hour seminars over the course of three expo days. Hear from the latest innovators providing concrete methods and tools to break through normal patterns of thinking.

The Institute of Packaging Professionals (IoPP) is putting on two-hour seminars for one day on June 10, on these hot topics:
• Improving Packaging Design for the Retail Experience;
• Leveraging Smart and Interactive Packaging Technologies for Engaging Customers;
• Innovations in Packaging Materials and their Usability.

Says Jim George, IoPP’s director of education: “These seminars will provide a forum to update packaging professionals from many corners of the industry on new developments and best practices.”

Pharmapack North America is also hosting two-hour seminars throughout the course of two days that will cover:
• Injectable packaging:  new materials, handling aggressive formulations, E&L, new injector technologies;
• Combination product packaging to improve stability, accuracy and outcome;
• Full regulation update on DQSA, serialization and anti-counterfeiting;
• Innovation: Five year forecast—connecting better with tomorrow’s customer;
• Updates on design and labeling technologies to improve compliance;
•  New materials for increased stability and protection.

Advanced design, manufacturing and automation seminars will take place over the three days and run for two hours, covering:
• Implementing a flexible and safe robotics strategy, including case studies;
• 3D printing: Innovations in materials and new applications, plus 3D printing for the experienced engineer;
• Smart factories: New technologies and connectivity strategies to automate the factory floor;
• Design Innovation for Engineers using human factors.

Innovation celebration
The IoPP AmeriStar Package Awards, along with the UBM Canon Packaging Group Visionary Awards, presented by Packaging Digest and Pharmaceutical & Medical Packaging News, will recognize finalists and award winners at a dual ceremony on June 10.

AmeriStar awards are given based on six criteria: Innovation, Package Performance, Marketing, Environmental Impact, Product Protection and Economics.

To register for the awards event, visit To register for the EastPack show, visit

Precision heat sealers: Product of the Day

Precision heat sealers: Product of the Day

Precision heat sealers with TOSS Touchscreen that can be validated and calibrated including using barcode scanning now offer added features for Medical, Pharmaceutical and Bio-Tech companies.  

For example, the new PW3400 validatable impulse heat sealer provides a graphical display of essential temperature/time/pressure with various time sequence possibilities and visual/audible alarms.

With the use of Bar Code Scanning to select the correct parameters, real-time data acquisition multi-point capabilities and printing capabilities, this sealer has features that make validation reliable and easy.  

Toss Machine Components offers the plastic sealing industry a unique, precise and cost-effective technique for sealing and joining of heat-sealable materials. The technology is available for a wide range of sealing and cutting applications, such as pouch closing, fitment attachment, wrapping, web splicing, and bag making in manual, automatic, form/fill/seal, wrapping, and special custom machines. Thermocouples and RTDs are avoided to eliminate the inherent errors and lag in response time.

Using TOSS VRC (variable resistance control) technology is designed for high-speed precision temperature control, and delivers consistent, repeatable and validatable heat seals every time.

Packworld USA, 610-746-2765
EastPack Booth #2569

The “beauty” in keeping beauty care packaging out of landfills

The “beauty” in keeping beauty care packaging out of landfills

Makeup and beauty products might bring out your eyes or add some style to your hair, but the only addition to the environment is more packaging waste. And considering the top 100 personal care, beauty and cosmetic product companies sold an astonishing $195 billion worth of products in 2011(, it’s no small addition either. A substantial chunk of those products find their way into salons around the country, making product manufacturers and hair and nail salons some of biggest generators of beauty waste in the world. Many salons do what they can when it comes to recycling: they collect conventional recyclables like cardboard, #1 and #2 plastics, and glass bottles. But everything else from pumps and trigger heads, to cosmetic packaging and product tubes, ends up in a landfill. The worst part is that even if some of these items were put into the recycling bin, they are likely not accepted by municipal recycling programs.

This is where modern recycling companies like TerraCycle and Preserve come in, making it possible for salons and manufacturers to not only reduce the amount of product packaging waste that they generate, but to actually move closer towards “zero waste” altogether.  Through a partnership with Garnier, TerraCycle has developed an effective collection and recycling system for any kind of hair care, skin care or cosmetic product packaging—regardless of brand or type—through the Personal Care and Beauty Brigade program. For no cost, salon owners, manufacturers, and any other interested individuals or groups can collect their waste, download a prepaid shipping label, and then send it all to TerraCycle. As an extra incentive to collect, participants also earn points for each unit of waste sent in, which can go toward charity gifts or cash donations to a favorite school or non-profit. 

Since 2011, 2.8 million pieces of beauty waste were collected through the Brigade. But what happens to all of the personal care waste once it’s been collected? Some might be turned into cool “upcycled” eco-friendly products, or maybe bulk plastic pellets for manufacturing, or even recycled plastic lumber. Garnier and TerraCycle are actually even building a community garden made out of this recycled beauty waste plastic lumber in an urban area somewhere in the country. Where the 2014 Garnier Green Garden will be built is up to a public vote.

Other TerraCycle partners have beauty waste collection models that work for them. Cosmetics producer Kiehl’s, for example, has a “Recycle and be Rewarded” program for customers who bring in old Kiehl’s product packages into their stores, getting free products in return. All the old packaging is sent to TerraCycle where it will be recycled. To date, efforts to reduce waste caused by their products have resulted in 1.3 million Kiehl’s bottles being recycled since 2009.

For those who want to go a step further, TerraCycle’s new Zero Waste Box program makes the mythical “zero waste” goal more achievable than ever. These boxes allow salons, manufacturers, and any other interested participants to send 100% of their own waste to TerraCycle. Everything from plastic wrappers from product deliveries, foil hair coloring tubes, to even hair trimmings can be collected and sent to TerraCycle. Anyone interested in going towards zero waste will be able to purchase a variety of collection boxes, from highly separated single-stream boxes for things like beauty products, to no-separation boxes for any and all waste. After collection, it’s as simple as sending the full box back to TerraCycle.

The ultimate goal is to prevent beauty waste from entering into a landfill or from being incinerated and having toxic gases billowing in the atmosphere, and these programs are realistic solutions to make that possible. Besides, if we are willing to buy products to make ourselves beautiful, we should be willing to return the favor by keeping the environment beautiful.

Author Tom Szaky, founder/CEO of TerraCycle, has won more than 50 awards for entrepreneurship, also writes blogs for Treehugger and The New York Times, recently published a book called "Revolution in a Bottle" and is the star of a National Geographic Channel special, "Garbage Moguls."

Top 5 sustainable packaging wins in 2014

Top 5 sustainable packaging wins in 2014

Happy Earth Day 2014! Packaging Digest celebrates by examining some of the leading advancements in sustainable packaging so far this year. Have you seen these developments?

1. Kevlar-like nanocrystals strengthen plastic packaging. “Nanocrystals are derived from plants and have similar properties to Kevlar that makes them an ideal candidate for plastic reinforcement,” says Laszlo Horvath, assistant professor, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

2. Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is revving up in America. Alan Blake, PAC NEXT executive director, gives Packaging Digest an exclusive interview on this steaming-hot topic. “In U.S. the debate will continue for and against EPR across industry, NGO's and the 50 U.S. states…stay tuned for further developments.”

3. Critical consumer education on how to recycle packaging continues. Recovery and collection are key to feeding the demand for recycled-content materials.

4. Designers tap into cube-efficient packages, saving costs and space during storage and shipment, which can help reduce overall carbon footprint. Example #1. Example #2.

5. Packagers take a holistic approach. Snoqualmie Winery, Washington's largest certified organic vineyard, walks the talk on its pledge to promoting a sustainable environment. New packaging focuses on improving all components: glass bottle, label, cork and cases.

What developments do you think should have been on this list? Leave a comment below.

Recloseable, lidded flexible container is stackable

Recloseable, lidded flexible container is stackable
Flexible container has rigid lid, which aids in stacking.

This patent is for a flexible, stackable container for transporting and storing just about any type of product from foods to liquids to detergent and more. It creates a sealed bag or package formed from a flexible film and with a recloseable fitment or lid integrated into the design.

The lid fitment may be made from PE, PET, PLA or other thermoformable or injection-moldable material.

Besides offering consumer convenience, the lid also serves to structurally reinforce the package for stacking.

The sheet of film may be formed from PP, PE, foil, paper and/or of composites.

The filing also points out the cube efficiency of the rectangular shape in transport and distribution and at retail and describes the manufacture of the container using vertical or horizontal-form-fill-seal equipment or other machines or machine assemblies. This patent is assigned to Clear Lam Packaging, Inc.

Plan ahead: Can your packaging keep up?

Plan ahead: Can your packaging keep up?

You’ve probably seen the sign before which reads: “Plan Ahead”. Of course, the sign has a little ‘d’ squeezed in at the end because there wasn’t room. I’m also pretty sure you’ve heard the expression, “The best laid schemes (plans) of mice and men…” which basically means “the most carefully prepared plans may go wrong.” So what does this lesson in literature have to do with manufacturing?

Simply put: manufacturers love to plan. Companies have invested millions in sophisticated Sales & Operations Planning (S&OP) systems so they can plan exactly what’s needed and when. Driven by demand sensing technology, these systems harvest granular levels of customer buying patterns in order to predict future demand. Then the planning system kicks into gear, adjusting goals and production schedules for the next week, or month, or however the system is set up.

This level of planning is a great improvement over the educated guesswork that used to drive manufacturers. But there’s a catch to all this—real manufacturing plants, somewhere in the global system, have to step up and actually produce the product. And this has been getting harder and harder to do, because other forces have been at work in manufacturing in recent years.

When operating lean can work against efficiency

One of these forces is the Lean Manufacturing practice adopted by most leading companies. Changing production plans was easier when you had a lot of inventory sitting around. But these days, manufacturers have purged their system of waste, and extra inventory is likely a thing of the past. Now when production plans change, the local plant often has to scramble to find the needed materials and move them smoothly into the production stream.

Maybe you’ve adapted to this and have a very agile supply chain. But there’s a second force at work complicating things still further: the increasing variability and demands on packaging.

If you’re a global manufacturer, you have many different packages for the same product. There are packages for different regions, packages for white label customers, and labeling for different regulatory requirements. Clearly you must label and/or date every package correctly. Accurate packaging can also provide the key to executing a recall or other product traceability issue, should something go wrong.

All of this complexity, coupled with the agile front-end planning systems, is putting a real squeeze on manufacturing plants. The problem is that packaging management has not always kept up with planning. Not that many years ago, packaging was an afterthought on the plant floor. Today, packaging is becoming the tail that wags the dog. There are some products—food and beverage are good examples—where packaging can be the single biggest differentiator, and the hardest part of the production process to change quickly, precisely because every product has so many packaging variations.

A new approach

Industry leaders have not only identified this problem, but have put in a plan to address it. The first step is to throw out the idea that packaging operations can operate as a silo. It can’t. The next step is to realize that manufacturing operations are best managed on a multi-site or global basis. Trying to optimize production or output across your enterprise is the best mindset to establish—and with this philosophy it becomes readily apparent why packaging operations should be an integral part of your overall production strategy.

Are you considering doubling the output of Product “A”? A modern approach to manufacturing operations management dictates that this type of production change can’t be done without specific consideration of all the repercussions that come with such a change. For example, arranging for more raw materials to be available from your suppliers (which might even include a different mix by vendor), ensuring the necessary staff is available to perform their role, and that the packaging requirements, components, and scale up constraints have been anticipated and mapped to target outputs.

Best-in-class manufacturers are now implementing operational excellence programs capable of achieving these very objectives. Achieving success, however, is no small feat. Rather, it is a journey that must be ensured for the long haul. Establishing an enterprise wide IT infrastructure that can adapt quickly to change is an accomplishment, but one that can present enormous rewards.

According to recent research conducted by LNS Research, the top strategic objectives for embarking on this journey were to ensure consistent quality, improve responsiveness to changing customer demands, and to increase production capacity and capabilities—which correlates directly into improving operational agility within packaging operations. The top challenges to overcome include a lack of collaboration across different departments, disparate systems and data sources and ROI justifications for improvement investments. More research findings on this subject can be found here in this Infographic, prepared by LNS Advisors.

It ain’t over 'til it’s over

It’s ironic but true. The bottleneck in your planning system, the thing that’s keeping you from being truly responsive and ahead of your market, may not be in your demand sensing or planning systems, or even in your ability to manufacture your products. The bottleneck may be at the very tail end of your production processes: your ability to manage and execute product packaging.

In that sense, planning is a lot like baseball. As the great Yogi Berra once said, “It ain’t over 'til it’s over.”

Author Rick Gallisa, Industry Director, Dassault Systèmes, has more than 20 years of experience in technology and services businesses within highly regulated markets. He leads Apriso Corp.’s industry practice aimed at technology transfer, paperless production, quality assurance, manufacturing efficiencies and track-and-trace solutions. Prior to joining Apriso, Gallisa served in several positions at other companies where he was responsible for managing enterprise software solutions across manufacturing and the supply chain, including production, quality compliance and engineering.

PAC NEXT’s take on new EPR packaging study

PAC NEXT’s take on new EPR packaging study

In this Packaging Digest exclusive, PAC NEXT identifies takeaways and surprises in the new, multi-continent Extended Producer Responsibility study the group conducted.

The study, entitled "Policy Best Practices that Support Harmonization: Summaries of Eleven Global Extended Producer Responsibility Programs" (see link at end of article), was created to help education and harmonization processes with a goal of resource recovery, reducing cost and regulatory complexity.

As one of the five initial projects focused on achieving the PAC NEXT vision of A World Without Packaging Waste, the founding members identified that a variety of global policies and legislative approaches existed to improve packaging material recovery, with mixed success.   

Alan Blake, PAC NEXT executive director, stated that "While there is wide disagreement on the effectiveness and efficiency of EPR legislation, this project was designed to develop a fact-base of global best practices related to recovery solutions and EPR policies; to identify agreed-upon best practices that would support industry and government collaborative efforts to create harmonized solutions for managing packaging waste in non-regulated or EPR legislated jurisdictions.
Blake responds to Packaging Digest’s questions in this exclusive Q&A:

What are your takeaways from the EPR study results?
Blake: Several PAC NEXT members who are financially impacted by Canadian EPR programs were particularly interested in discovering ways to reduce cost and regulatory complexity. As such, Printed Paper and Packaging (PPP) EPR programs in Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba and British Columbia were compared with EPR programs in Belgium, France, Austria, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom and Australia.  
The report identifies the following attributes for an optimized and harmonized EPR system:
•    Residential, public and industrial, commercial and institutional (IC+I) sources
•    All material types (including printed paper)
•    Low cost/ton
•    High collection and recycling rates
•    High-value materials / high material quality (source separation an important factor)
•    Program convenience
While preliminary data analysis focused primarily on EPR programs, the following policies were identified as complementary, playing an important role in increasing the performance of packaging collection and recycling systems:
•    Pay as you throw (PAYT) programs
•    Mandatory recycling requirements
•    Landfill bans for recyclable materials
•    Container deposit programs

What differences were discerned in the different regions that were studied?
Blake: There are several differences worth highlighting:
•    Packaging EPR is legislated in Canada and Europe, but not in the U.S.
•    Canada and U.S. use mainly single-stream curbside collection programs, whereas many European countries require source separation of materials curbside (paper& board, plastics+ metals + cartons, glass) which can generate cleaner, less contaminated materials for recycling.
•    Europe has broad deployment of PAYT programs where consumers are obliged to pay for the various waste bags / bins which incentivizes increased recycling  
•    Europe generally has a more integrated waste management infrastructure where waste to energy is a more acceptable and important component given the higher population densities and lack of land for landfill.
What finding(s) most surprised you?
Blake: Perhaps not a surprise, but a realization that it is very difficult to make comparisons of EPR programs around the world when they are all so different—it does feel at times that you're trying to compare apples and oranges. And hence you need to be very careful in drawing absolute conclusions when it's perhaps more pragmatic to recognize best practices within a program that appear to be delivering good or better results for recovery and recycling.
What is the biggest challenge to EPR for consumers and CPG companies?
Blake: There are several opportunities here. Let's talk about consumers first. We live in a "throw-away" society where littering is endemic and there is an expectation that our cities will collect our garbage and clean-up after us. So, there is this ever present need for consistent and simple communication about keeping our neighborhoods tidy and safe, the importance of recycling (with clarity on what can and cannot be recycled) and creating less waste (re-using, refilling, repairing). The goal here is systemic behavior change where recycling becomes the norm.
For Consumer Packaged Goods Companies, there continues to be an enormous upside in talking about the value of packaging and how optimized package designs can actually lead to less waste (less packaging waste, less product waste, less food waste) and increased packaging recovery and recycling. This will require even more engagement across the entire packaging value chain and in particular with waste management companies to drive cost effective change.

Why wasn't the U.S. included in the study?
Blake: There are several reasons. Firstly, EPR is not legislated in the U.S. today and hence it would have been a tall order to survey all 50 US states for "best practices.” Secondly, AMERIPEN has recently published an excellent [4-page PDF format] report on their 100 Cities survey in the USA Unlocked Potential: A roadmap to improved packaging recovery.

Where do you see EPR heading in 2014?
Blake:  In Canada, Printed Paper and Packaging (PPP) EPR programs will continue to be deployed across the provinces with British Columbia starting May 19th 2014 and followed by Saskatchewan January 1st 2015. The plan as laid out by the Canadian Council of Ministers for the Environment calls for all provinces to have a PPP EPR program deployed through 2015.
In Europe the Packaging & Packaging waste directive will be reviewed in an effort to further develop stable recycling markets and increase collection rates.
In U.S. the debate will continue for and against EPR across industry, NGO's and the 50 U.S. states…stay tuned for further developments.
As a reminder, what’s the PAC NEXT position on EPR?
Blake: EPR is the law in Canada and not the law in the U.S. In both instances, PAC NEXT is committed to working collaboratively across the packaging value chain to minimize recovery system costs while maximizing recycling rates, the value of recovered materials and minimizing the amount of valuable packing materials going to landfill. This is the goal that defines a set of core principles called "The PAC NEXT Way":
•    Goal  - To minimize recovery system costs while maximizing recycling rates and the value of recovered materials.
•    The Materials – All materials must be recovered.
•    Landfill bans - for ALL recyclable materials
•    Recovery Hierarchy – Reduction, Recycling, Reuse, Up-Cycling, Composting and Energy-from-Waste are all acceptable solutions and should be part of an integrated waste management system.
•    New Packaging – use PAC NEXT Designing for Packaging Optimization tools for all new packaging or the enhancement of existing packaging.
•    New Materials Introduction Process –audit new materials using the PAC NEXT Decision Trees prior to commercialization.
•    Harmonized Recovery – National policy regulations (in Canada) for the recovery of packaging materials must be harmonized federally, provincially and at the municipal level.
•    Harmonized Reporting – Adoption of a national reporting system (in Canada e.g. Canadian Stewardships Services Alliance) to reduce administration costs and to improve the accuracy and timeliness of reporting.
•    Standard of Service – Minimum and standardized level of service for all municipalities to improve participation and maximize potential recovery through convenience.
•    Consumer Communications – Harmonized communications must be consistent from municipality to municipality. The plan needs to engage, educate and inform consumers on the recovery of packaging material.

To view or download the 88-page PDF of the PAC NEXT study, click here.

For more information, contact:

Alan Blake
PAC NEXT Executive Director
skype: alanblake07